The combination of dietary fiber from the seeds and natural phenols from carob pods (Figure 1) is the most efective alternative against overweight.
CSAT+® has a significant content of Galactomannan (>30%), recognized componets of dietary fiber, with high gelling capacity and suppress energy intake, reducing hunger ratings.
Galactomannan is widely used in Food Industry (ice creams, jelly, etc.); when dissolved into water it becomes into hydrocolloids with gelling properties.
In fact, these viscous and water-soluble polysaccherides delay emptying of stomach contents which prolongs satiety signals arising from the stomach.2,4,6
Human and animal studies agree that increasing the thickness of a liquid reduces the amount consumed when compared with an unthicked liquid.11
Carob is a beanlike fruit subfamily of the Leguminosae (Ceratonia siliqua L.) typical in the Mediterranean region.1 Historically, due to its high content of sugars, the brown pod was consumed as food, especially in ancient times as a candy for children.
The carob fruit is composed, by weight, of pods (90%) and seeds 10%.
The seeds (endosperm part) can be employed to obtain Carob gum, chiefly used to stabilize emulsions and dispersion in food industry, whith a major content in polysaccharides of high molecular weight, mainly Galactomannan.9 Galactomannan is not digested in the upper gastrointestinal tract and thus are components of the dietary fiber.
The groups of polar phenolic compounds in Carob Fruit PE are very Heterigeneous: simple phenolic acids, cinnamic acid and derivatives, flavonoids, isoflavones, lignans, anthocyans and tannins.7,8 Gallic acid, is the major compound between simple phenolic acids, and flavonoids form part of 25% of total polyphenols as can be observed in Figure 3.
These compounds included in the daily diet may play an important role in the prevention of chonic diseases because of its chemopreventive properties.
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